hicstatistics

Expression of the Malus sieversii NF-YB21 Encoded Gene Confers Tolerance to Osmotic Stresses in Arabidopsis thaliana

Drought is the principle environmental issue that limits the yield and high quality of apples (Malus × domestica) grown in arid and semi-arid areas. Nuclear issue Ys (NF-Ys) are essential transcription components concerned within the regulation of plant development, growth, and varied stress responses. Nonetheless, the operate of NF-Y genes is poorly understood in apples. Right here,…

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hicstatistics

Causal Inference with Genetic Data: Past, Present, and Future

The set of methods discussed in this collection has emerged from the convergence of two scientific fields-genetics and causal inference. In this introduction, we discuss relevant aspects of each field and show how their convergence arises from the natural experiments that genetics offer. We present introductory concepts useful to readers unfamiliar with genetically informed methods…

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